What else could play a role?

Up close view of traffic on Memorial drive.
Photo taken by Sefay Edwards

While envy and advertisements are the key factors, they are not alone in impacting the pedestrians that regularly use Memorial drive. Another factor that plays a part is  the framework of the city. I read in a scholarly journal from the Liverpool university press that pedestrian or walking cities existed for the majority of settlement history since walking was the main form of transportation for people to get around the city. (Newman, P., Kosonen, L., & Kenworthy, J. (2016). Theory of urban fabrics: planning the walking, transit/public transport and automobile/motor car cities for reduced car dependency. P 433.) The journal later on states that “Automobile-based urban fabric took over much of the old walking and transit fabric
once roads and parking for automobiles was provided.” (P 436) As time passes, cities are accommodating for more and more automobiles to fit on the streets. Memorial drive did not always have four lanes, it used to be a a two lane street but as the city population increases, so will the demand for cars on the street. The city officials know this going to occur so they widen the streets and since more vehicles are taking up space, the more cars pedestrians are going to see on a daily basis, which then ties into the human nature that causes them to desire to own their own car. Also, the cost of the respective streets and sidewalks factor into the framework of the city. While sidewalks on average last longer than streets and maintaining them is cheaper than streets, cities tend to always fix problems with the street before they deal with any issues involving the sidewalk. Why is that? I think this is the case due to the fact that a good percentage of the work force drive to get to their job. If something was to go wrong with both the sidewalk and the street at the same time, more people would be affected by the street being shut down rather than the sidewalk being closed. Now pedestrians on buses would attribute to the sidewalk population but even then the number is still in favor of drivers over pedestrians.