Trust is earned not given

A few weeks ago in class, we talked about how to evaluate sources to see what is more trustworthy than others. This activity came in handy as i used what we learned that day as I evaluated sources for my annotated bibliographies. The instructor highlighted how the context that the source is in is fundamental to readers determining how much trust they out into that source. In the first question, I chose source two over source one under the circumstances

Handout given in class
Photo taken by Sefay Edwards

that a historian would have better knowledge about the topic than a director of  the Hollywood film. The second question was a bit more difficult to discern which one I trust more but i chose source one because I think a former slave would disclose more information to a young black man due to familiarity along with other social factors over an employee from the government. Question  three was rather easy for me since a map is constant compared to the memories of people which change or fade over time. The map is obviously the best choice.  After a bit of thought for question four, I chose source two over source one due to how the times changed over the years of each respective source. Source one had more bias than source two and when choosing which one to trust, most of the time I want the

Other side of handout
Photo taken by Sefay Edwards

one that is impartial on the topic. I found question five to be the most difficult. They seemed to be equal. Both are from the same time period and are coming from respective individuals within the military. After asking for some help, the instructor cited that the key phrase was “sworn testimony”. Those words imply that the person is telling the truth since they are under oath while the other may contain bias since he just touring and is not bound to tell the truth. Question six was another easy one for me. The newspaper account from the time the battle occurred is easily more trustworthy than a textbook from 1985  since the paper is a primary source while the book is secondary. All researchers know that if you can use a primary source over a secondary source, you use it. The thought process behind solving these was key in me picking and choosing which sources I chose for my annotated bibliography.

Teamwork to complete an annotated bibliography

Page, M., Hurley, H., Collins, B., Glover, J. B., Bryant, R., Clark, E., Davis, M., Gue, R., Melton, S. V. H., Miller, B., Pierce, M. L., Slemons, M., Varner, J., Wharton, R.(2015). Digital Atlanta: A collaborative approach to remapping Atlanta’s past. 2015 Digital Heritage.

Authors Page, M.C, Hurley, J.H., Collins, B., Glover, J.B., Bryant, R., Clark, E., Davis, M., Gue, R., Van Horn Melton, S.,  Miller, B.,  Pierce, M.L., Slemons, M., Varner, J. and Wharton. R. argue that a successful, interdisciplinary collaboration is possible to yield advances in digital historiography. The article provides examples of technology that is used by students along with historical context to help bring about about an innovative approach of remapping Atlanta’s past. The main goal of the “Digital Atlanta” article is about Georgia State and Emory Universities combined efforts throughout digital projects to address Atlanta’s archaeological built environments and past achievements through digital databases such as; geo-databases, spatial history tools and digital map collections. The target audience of this article are those to work and inhabit the city of Atlanta. This is known from the consistent use of the pronoun, “we”. This implies that the authors are communicating as a whole/community. City planners, historiographers, archaeologists, urban geographers, people in CIS professions, and students who study government, geology/geography, history, information systems, or modeling may find this work useful because this article collaborates varied and specific skills from numerous professions on the history of Atlanta along with the process of a digital remapping of the city. This cross section of skills provides reference for students and professionals as to how their abilities continue to contribute to a greater understanding of history and science.

Public transit is for the greater good

(2017). American Public Transportation Association

There is no author as this site is a collection of data based on public transportation across the United States and how everybody, whether you use it or not, is benefiting from it. The site provides study results over a wide range of topics from saving money to reducing our carbon footprint. The purpose of this is to show what good public transportation does on a national level within the United States. The intended audience would be workers in the departments of transportation at the national and state governments around the United States. Employees at the government level would find these facts most useful as they would base any proposals they have off of these to help increase or at least maintain these numbers for the future.

Why do we buy cars?

Steele T. (2013). The Pros and Cons of Not Having a Car.

Tim Steele wants to showcase that while not owning a car does come with drawbacks, it has benefits that will make you not worry so much about having your own set of car keys. The blog provides observations from a personal perspective about the pros and cons of not being a car owner in the urban landscape of Seattle. The purpose of the article is to allow readers to come to a conclusion about whether or not being a pedestrian is bad in comparison to being a driver. The intended audience would be Seattle area citizens who use public transportation or drive their own vehicle in order to get around the city. First time car buyers in urban areas would find this article rather useful as it would give them some information on how someone similar to them deals with not owning a car and whether or not they really want to buy one now or if they can wait a little bit and use public transport.

The power of billboards

Jong Woo, J., Young Han, B., Ilyoung, J., & Jieun, C. (2016). The Effect Model of Billboard Advertising Media. Journal Of Multidisciplinary Research.

Jong, Young,Ilyoung, and Jieun have ties with the university of Florida and Pennsylvania State university and  are writing about what impact billboards have on consumers. This source contains study results that highlights the emotions and attitudes consumers have towards billboards. The purpose of this article is to find out how effective billboards work as an advertisement ploy. The intended audience would be business majors who are trying to keep an edge on what advertisement is trending and what is becoming obsolete. Major companies would find this article useful as it will help sway whether or not they invest into more billboards or if they want to invest into other forms of advertisement like radio or television commercials.


Sidewalks are kind of expensive

(2009). Green Values.

There is no author of this website as it is a collection of data to help compare costs of maintenance for different components of an urban area. The website provides survey results that give an accurate interpretation  of the costs of the different components. The purpose of the site is to inform viewers the potential cost of different urban components while making it easy to compare the costs. The intended audience is anybody who is planning on construction work or maintenance work ranging from streets to driveways to roofing. Construction workers as well as do-it-yourself citizens can benefit from this site as it will ease the process of them making a choice as to what route they want to take about an upcoming project they have in mind.

Envy is forever

Sanity D. (2012).  Envy, resentment, and human nature.

Dr. Sanity is a certified psychiatrist with over 30 years experience in psychiatry. In her blog, she talks about how envy and resentment are a biological trait that is naturally a part of human nature. The blog provides a combination of anecdotal evidence and  study results to convey her thesis. The purpose of the article is to show that envy and resentment are traits that can not be avoided and are a part of what makes us human. The intended audience of this blog would be students who are aiming at being future psychiatrist and are curious as to how the emotion of envy ties into humans actions. This article would be useful to historians as it provides examples of how envy has been in effect in a historical context.

Cars carry more data than I thought

Khoeini, S., & Guensler, R. (2014). Using vehicle value as a proxy for income: A case study on Atlanta’s I-85 HOT lane. Research In Transportation Economics.

Khoeini and Guensler published their article through the acclaimed Georgia Institute of technology and claims that their is a large discrepancy between the value of cars that use the high occupancy toll lanes. The article provides a wide range of tables and a few detailed maps that display the findings the authors collected. The purpose of these authors writing this article is to showcase the wide gap that is present among the socioeconomic classes in the metro Atlanta area. The intended audience would be academics curious about how accurate vehicle ownership portrays the wealth of car owners in the metro Atlanta area. This article would be useful to car dealership owners in the sense that they would know where to properly market their advertisements to maximize the return on their expenditures to gain a desirable profit.

Welcome future neighbors

(2015). Population estimates.

There is no author due to this being a collection of data from the United States Census bureau.  The site provides population estimates for Dekalb county based on the percent change from the previous census.  The purpose of the site is to give a reasonable representation of the amount of people who will reside within Dekalb county in the upcoming future. The intended audience would be those in political power in the state of Georgia. Politicians within the state of Georgia at both the county level and state level would find this information useful as it could determine what type of legislation they would employ to Dekalb county.